The five major components of physical fitness are cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and body composition. This article provides information regarding the same.
The definition of physical fitness is relative. Physical fitness for athlete is different from a normal healthy person. Generally, it can be defined as the ability of the body to function normally throughout the day, ability to perform other usual activities, and still have enough energy stored to manage excess stress in case of emergencies. The 5 major components which contribute to good physical condition are:
Cardiovascular endurance is the component which helps to check if the heart and lungs are working in unison to provide oxygen and blood during the workout. Lungs bring oxygen to the blood. This blood is pumped by the heart for muscular and other systems of the body. Some of the best cardiovascular exercises are swimming, aerobics, and skipping with a jump rope.
This component is one of the most considered components amongst all when thinking of a person being fit or in shape. Muscular strength means the ability of the muscles to lift weight. In a workout, it is important that you have weight training to build muscles so that the body is capable of lifting different amount of weights. Some examples of muscle strength training exercises are bench press, push ups, calf raises, etc.
Muscular endurance means the ability of the muscles to perform repeated exercises without getting tired. Simply put, the ability to withstand more repetitions of the muscle-training exercise. Some examples of the strength training exercises are running, cycling, cross-training on elliptical machine, etc.
After a workout, it is important that you perform stretching exercises to improve your flexibility. Flexibility component among the major components of fitness, tests the ability of all the joints in the body to move to their full range of motion. Stretching exercises like hamstring stretch, quadriceps stretch are examples of stretching exercises. When performing stretching exercises, it is important that you go slow and hold the position for an appropriate time. Yoga poses are an excellent way to improve your flexibility.
This component takes into account your body type, which is according to the height, weight, frame size, and the proportion of the fat mass compared to lean muscle mass. One excellent way to determine the body fat is underwater weighing.
The 5 main components of physical fitness can be used to define an average person. However, for successful sports participation, there are around 6 major skills-related components. These include speed, agility, balance, coordination, reaction time, and power.
But, these are the requirements for athletes. For a healthy body, you should have all the components in your workout. It is important that you consult your doctor, before entering any physical training program if you have any health condition. One of the best workouts which constitute maximum of the above components is swimming. Swimming is a cardio and strength training workout, which helps build lean muscles. With swimming, there is a reduced possibility of any injury, and it also provides great flexibility and endurance to the body.